Publicado: Tue, 30 Jun, 2015

The first cuban independent and annexionist newspaper

This entry is also avaliable in: Spanish

IMG_0412 La Havana. Cuba was not of the first American colonies that had a cultural advance in the society in its first years. Only starting from March 11, 1820 when in Spain the printing freedom was proclaimed, the Cubans who were less than one million inhabitants received a great impulse to their knowledge through the production of books, pamphlets, magazines and newspapers, manufactured in private printings.

This way, on June 13, 1852 and in the same noses of the Spanish authorities, the first independent and annexionist newspaper of Cuba, La Voz del Pueblo Cubano, written and made by the young journalist Eduardo Pacciolo Alba appeared from 1829 to 1852.

Pacciolo Alba, son of Spaniards, had been born in the Havana town of Regla. Influenced by the annexionist ideas of the time and very friend of a family of neighboring North Americans his, he ended up already thinking of the benefit that would receive the island when being annexed the United States, in the roads of a great development.

The secret newspaper La Voz del Pueblo Cubano could launch two thousand copies for each one of its first three editions. So important was this fact that the North American press gave him a great welcome in its big press means, while the Spaniards, surprised, didn’t comment anything in the national journals of Cuba, all under its control.

Notwithstanding the measures taken by the young Pacciolo including changes of addresses and a great discretion, on August 23, he was surprised by the Spanish government’s authorities, while he printed the fourth number of the newspaper that of course, was destroyed by the Spanish guards.

Convict to death the hardly 23 year-old youth, in just a few days was sent to a death penalty, on September 13, in spite of the fact that not only his mother, but also Creole personalities, requested the pardon.

The Spaniards, reluctant to forgive the rebellious journalist, exposed that it was about a punishment that was made ¨ like a way to punish¨, in the face of the possibility that it could be repeated.

Starting from that day, Eduardo Pacciolo Alba is considered the first martyr of the independent journalism of Cuba, giving birth this way to the best tradition in our secret press against bad presidents and against tyrants.

In the United States, as it has been picked up in the annals of our history, the independent Cuban press also proliferated. Numerous newspapers stood out, some of an annexionist tendency and others in favor of the independence. Only to mention some, let us remember La Verdad, edited by Miguel Teurbe Tolón, as well as El Cubano, El Cometa, El Filibustero, El Eco de Cuba, La Crónica and others, all published in New York.

Undoubtedly, the United States was and it is still the place where the Cubans have gone in moments of serious problems in the Nation.

Our Apostle lived a great part of his life in North America and his journalistic work and politics was developed mostly there.

Fidel Castro himself, with all of his anti-imperialist thought, went to the North American press during his months of guerrilla fight. While waiting for receiving political support from the exterior, he accepted to be interviewed by outstanding reporters of highly grateful agencies and he sent in several occasions to people of their trust, as Haydee Santamaría and others, to cities of La Florida in search of financial help.

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