Publicado: Fri, 25 Sep, 2015

Journalist of the exile

This entry is also avaliable in: Spanish

Luis Aguilar León poco antes de morirHavana. Long lines of Cuban journalists, whose voices were known in the whole island during the Republic, went towards the political exile of the United States. Journalists, who used to carry out an extremely chancy occupation and that, knew how to stay for their truthfulness in their work, their love to the journalism and their dignity of good Cubans.

To name the most outstanding is a difficult task. But the list could be headed by Jorge Mañach, Luis Aguilar León and many others. Why they all left, it is obvious. It was about men that had exercised their profession in the democracy and without democracy they could not live. Neither had they had a flock vocation.

They wanted to be free journalists.

To begin this chronicle with Luis Aguilar León -1925-2008 -, it would be the best in the successes. As many others, the political and arts prophet knew in such a way to thoroughly know the dilemma that Cuba lived that today his articles can be easily guides of the knowledge to analyze on what the freedom of speech consists, when it is true, because he conceives it “not as a prerogative or gift from anybody.”

Better than talking about this cult and clear Cuban, there are some of his paragraphs that give us all his dimension.

He referred to the union and tolerance among all the Cubans for a free true society and when deepening about the unanimity, implanted by Fidel Castro, he regretted that the differing voices disappeared, the critic, the political rebuttals, so necessary in any society, as equally had thought back in time another journalist and teacher of ideas, Juan Gualberto Gómez.

He criticized with hardness, from the exile, the unique guide that respected a single watchword, a rigid obedience, “because the unanimity is worse than the censorship, since it forces us to remain silent.”

In his book Subestimar a Castro it is to go toward the disaster, a compilation of his articles published in the Newspaper America of Miami, Florida, and published by Freedom House in the United States, Luis Aguilar León examines very important aspects on the transition to the democracy, at the time when the European socialist eastern regimes collapsed.

In those articles, he made an emphasis in that the exile maintained an ethics, mainly a group ethics, with its moral structure, with its pain and coercion. He clarified, as anybody that people leave to the exile because they are forced “or he is put under an obligation to leave, as index of rebelliousness, with group or collective pain, because they go in waves in the face of the political repression “.

He found the fair difference between the emigrated and the exile when he said that “the ones who emigrate return to their original homeland when it achieves an economic improvement and the exile doesn’t return while the condition of disgrace that forced him to leave doesn’t disappear. Still if an economic success is achieved, he doesn’t return to his homeland, because his main objective is to achieve that his country enjoys freedom.”

In his article about Fidel Castro, Aguilar León used the old history of the battle between the Roman general Escipión and Aníbal. Batista had also underestimated in 1956 the political youth of Birán that four years before had failed as an applicant to representative, with the coup d’etat of 1952. He had called him “a highwayman from Sierra”, as those who later on Fidel called those who combatted his communism in Escambray.

In the same article, Aguilar León referred to the true failure of Fidel Castro as a ruler: “The disaster of his economy, the dissatisfaction of the population silenced by a blow of threats and terror” and sees from the distance and very clearly that the Cuban dictator is under a very serious check, although that check is not still dull.

Also, the journalist understood, better than anybody else “that we are first of all, before a delirious individual, able to burn his island if he sees in real danger his image of glory, something more important for him than the logic.”

And he finishes saying: “Aníbal was defeated in Zama, Hitler in his bunker of Berlin in ruins.”

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